Annex 3: Freedom of Information – Review of Impact and Effectiveness of Transparency and Accountability Initiatives
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  • Introduction 5
  • What are the expected impacts and assumptions underlying ATIs in this sector? 7
  • What evidence is there of impact and effectiveness of accountability and transparency initiatives in this sector? 9
  • Which methods are used to assess and evince impact? 16
  • Which factors contribute to impact? 18
  • What gaps exist? 21
  • References and sources 22

Report insights + takeaways

FOI legislation
While there have been gains in the passage of FOI laws, it has become clear that both the implementation and enforcement of FOI legislation is enormously challenging.
Power to demand information
The most basic ‘lever’ that citizens have in holding their state to account is the power to demand information about how decisions are made.